It might seem like a flight of fantasy — a car that could actually drive you to work (or your child to soccer practice) all by itself — but the technology is well underway and its advent on roadways is all but inevitable.
The question now is determining who will be liable when a self-driving car causes an accident. Jeff Gurney, a 2014 alumnus, suggests several scenarios in which the developer of the self-driving technology — not the driver — should be held responsible. He makes his case in an article published in the University of Illinois “Journal of Law, Technology & Policy” titled, “Sue My Car, Not Me: Products Liability and Accidents Involving Autonomous Vehicles.”
“Autonomous vehicles could be enormously helpful to transport the elderly, the disabled, the incapacitated, those too young to drive and those who are simply too busy and would rather work during a commute,” Gurney said.
“It’s predicted that autonomous vehicles will reduce the number of fatalities and injuries resulting from human error and that fuel efficiency will improve dramatically. But no technology is perfect. There will be accidents.”
Self-driving cars equipped with Google-developed technology have logged more than 300,000 miles of autonomous test driving under a variety of conditions without a serious mishap. But Gurney takes a lawyerly approach in sizing up what should happen when the inevitable wrecks involving such vehicles occur. He thinks forcing riders to be fully liable if their self-driving cars malfunction — a stance that technology developers might support — would defeat the purpose of the technology.
“Why pay for an autonomous car if you’re going to be expected to be vigilant behind the wheel and take over at the first sign of trouble?” he said. “That defeats one of the selling points, which is that you can be more productive while letting the car do the driving.”
Gurney got interested in the topic after taking a course on tort liability in his first year of law school. Professor Emeritus David Owen helped him with the paper that would eventually be published in the University of Illinois’ law journal.
“It’s not every day you get to help shape the landscape of an emerging topic,” he said. “I’ve had four citations on the paper so far.” Gurney landed a two-year clerkship with Timothy Cain, a federal judge in Anderson, S.C. Did the published article help?
“It was a main topic of the clerkship interview,” he said.